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The dried flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant include marijuana, which can also be called weed, pot, or cannabis. It contains mind-altering (e.g., psychoactive) compounds such as tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, as well as other non-mind-altering active compounds like cannabidiol or CBD.
There are many ways to use marijuana, and users are affected differently by each one. It is possible to roll up and smoke marijuana like a cigarette (a joint) or a cigar (a blunt). Marijuana in a pipe may also be smoked. People sometimes mix it with food and eat it or brew it as a tea(edibles). Smoking oils, concentrates, and marijuana plant extracts are on the increase.
- Marijuana’s effects on a person, like any other drug, depend on a number of factors, including the previous experience of the person with the drug or other drugs, biology (e.g. genes), gender, how the drug is taken, and how strong it is.
- Cannabis today is not the ‘Woodstock Weed’ that might be recalled by baby boomers. The THC level averaged just around 1 percent in the 1960-1970s (SAM, 2013). The potency of THC levels today, however, averages 20% with concentrate/extracts (commonly used in vape pens, edibles, or dabbing), as high as 90% (Marijuana Fact Check, 2018).
Cannabis edibles can be much stronger than other methods because it is more difficult to properly gauge dosage. Accidental exposure to cannabis has greatly increased with the influx of readily-available cannabis edibles. Many edibles might look as innocent as a dessert or candy, which the unwanted houseguest, baby, or even pet can mistakenly eat (Noel, 2015). Edibles also take longer to digest, which postpones the onset of symptoms. As a result, individuals will eat more of the substance, believing that they feel the effects sooner (NIDA, 2018). This can, however, lead to hazardous outcomes, such as accidental overdose or other extreme side effects.
- While not physically addictive in the ways that hard drugs or alcohol affect the body as with any medication, there is a possibility that tolerance and dependency will grow.
- Those who began using before age 18 were found to be 4 to 7 times more likely to establish patterns of problem use (NIDA, 2016). Some can experience cannabis withdrawal symptoms, including headache, shakiness, sweating, stomach pains, nausea, restlessness, irritability, sleep difficulties and decreased appetite (DEA, n.d.).
We do not know exactly. Marijuana chemicals can be passed on by breast milk to your infant. THC is retained in fat and released slowly over time, meaning that even after you quit using weed, your baby might still be exposed. However, there is minimal and contradictory evidence on the effects of marijuana exposure to the child or baby by breastfeeding. Breastfeeding mothers should minimise or avoid the use of marijuana to mitigate the possible risk to the child.
- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the chemical responsible for most psychological effects of marijuana, and many of the same harmful chemicals in smoking tobacco are found in secondhand marijuana smoke.
- Smoked marijuana has many of the same compounds that cause cancer as smoked cigarettes, but there are still many unanswered questions about exposure to secondhand marijuana smoke and its effect on chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and lung diseases.
Heavy (daily or near-daily) use of marijuana can cause memory, learning, and attention harm that can last a week or more after someone’s last use. Like alcohol or tobacco, the use of marijuana during pregnancy or while breastfeeding can harm the infant. Anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia have been related to marijuana use, but scientists do not yet know if it triggers these diseases directly. Your lungs and cardiovascular system can be impaired by smoking any substance, including marijuana.
- The most prevalent illicit drug involved in automobile crashes is cannabis (NIDA, 2016).
- In 2009, cannabis-related road deaths in Colorado involving drivers testing positive for THC accounted for 9 percent of all traffic fatalities. This number has more than doubled to 21 percent by 2016 (RMHIDTA, 2017).
When multiple compounds from the industrial hemp plant work together, it is referred to as the entourage effect. These elements work together to improve the plant’s potential benefits, with each compound amplifying the beneficial properties of the others while reducing the risk of side effects. This synergistic relationship is thought to improve the potential for therapeutic benefit, but the influence of this effect has not yet been confirmed by clinical trials.
Everyone is special, and the fact remains that everyone is in a different position and will respond to their CBD dose in a different way. Since each person’s CBD dose is different, it’s best to start small and gradually increase to a comfortable level before you get the desired result.
When a medicinal drug that prefers to be transported in fat must be taken orally, making it so that it can be transported in water can maximize the amount of the substance that is currently used by the body. This can be sprayed directly into the mouth and instantly swallowed, or it can be mixed into a drink or food. Since your body is able to absorb almost 100 percent of the cannabinoids into your bloodstream, the effects of water soluble CBD can be up to 10x more potent than the oil counterpart. The oil compounds are reduced using a special technique such that the CBD is small enough for the body to absorb like any other food that isn’t an oil.
Parkinson’s disease: Cannabidiol can worsen tremors and muscle movement in Parkinson’s patients. As a result, CBD products should be avoided by Parkinson’s patients.
- Cannabinoids (e.g., THC and CBD) are chemical compounds that are secreted by cannabis flowers that may have an effect on the human body. They function by simulating endocannabinoids, which are naturally formed by our bodies and affect nerve, brain, and immune cell activity.
- CB1 and CB2 receptors are the two main cannabinoid receptors currently identified. The central nervous system, as well as some peripheral tissues, contain CB1 receptors. Appetite, muscle function, pain, cognition, thermoregulation, and our stress response are all influenced by them. Immune cells contain the most CB2 receptors, with the central nervous system having a lower density. Immune function, immune cell proliferation, inflammation, and pain are all related to CB2 activation. Despite the fact that these two cannabinoid receptors have been researched extensively, more cannabinoid receptors are being investigated.
Yes, as long as they’re made from hemp rather than marijuana and have a THC content of less than 0.3 percent. To purchase or use hemp-derived CBD items, you don’t need a medical marijuana passport.
- Make sure the CBD product you purchase has been checked for the three Ps: potency (how much CBD is in it), purity (any residual solvents from the extraction process), and pesticides by a third-party lab. On the product’s website, third-party laboratory testing should be available.
- Unfortunately, when it comes to CBD content, product labels are often inaccurate and unreliable. According to a 2017 study published in JAMA, nearly 70% of all cannabidiol (CBD) products sold online had higher or lower concentrations of the drug than reported on the bottle.
- Lab testing of CBD-rich products is recommended to ensure that they are free of pesticides and other pollutants. Products extracted with poisonous solvents such as BHO, propane, hexane, or other hydrocarbons should be avoided. Choose goods that use less-polluting extraction methods like supercritical CO2.
There are products available that contain crystalline CBD isolate, which is extracted and processed from industrial hemp. However, single-molecule CBD is thought to be less effective therapeutically than CBD-rich oil extract from the whole plant. The medicinal plant’s diverse composition of compounds has a complementary impact on the body. This backs up the theory of the “entourage effect,” in which a combination of cannabinoids, their co-occurring terpenes, and probably other molecules like flavonoids and stilbenoids has a more beneficial effect than CBD or THC alone.
CBD in water-soluble form is not a naturally occurring substance. A method known as nano-emulsion is used to make a fat-soluble compound, such as CBD, soluble in water. Nano-emulsions use high-frequency ultrasound to cause cavitation, which results in the formation of small, water-soluble spheres known as liposomes. The CBD molecules are suspended in the water-soluble liposomes. While some manufacturers say that this type of CBD is “enhanced,” there is no evidence to back this up. I have yet to come across a water-soluble CBD product that offers the same degree of benefits as lipid-soluble CBD.
The psychoactive compound THC is the subject of most drug studies, not cannabidiol (CBD). Full-spectrum hemp extracts, on the other hand, can contain trace amounts of THC, which could result in a positive result in urine and blood tests, particularly when taken in high doses. In the form of urine drug screens, I recommend taking CBD-rich hemp extracts with care and caution.
Major drug-herb interactions are unlikely to occur at low doses of CBD, less than 150mg total per day. However, drug-herb interactions are still probable, and the higher the dosage, the more likely they are. By inhibiting the activity of cytochrome P450, a family of liver enzymes, CBD and other plant cannabinoids have the ability to interact with a wide variety of pharmaceuticals. If you’re taking a medicine that allows you to maintain a certain blood volume, such as anti-seizure, anti-viral, or blood-thinning medicines, consult your doctor or pharmacist before attempting CBD.
CBD, unlike THC, has no effect on appetite or satiety.
CBD is not usually associated with many side effects, but the following have all been reported:
- Mouth dryness
- Rarely can cause feelings of mild intoxication
No, CBD and marijuana are both derived from separate plants. They do, however, come from the same cannabis plant genus. Cannabis is classified into three species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. The Cannabis sativa species is the source of both CBD and marijuana. CBD and marijuana are both derived from the Cannabis sativa plant, although they are from different varieties of Cannabis sativa. CBD comes from hemp, while marijuana comes from the marijuana plant.
According to Federal Law, CBD goods must contain less than 0.3 percent THC to be legal.
No, it isn’t. CBD is one of several cannabinoids present in hemp plants, but it’s the one that’s actually being investigated for possible health benefits.
CBD can be mixed with a carrier oil and used in topical creams, lotions, and other items after it has been removed.
CBD is everywhere, from grocery store aisles to Kim Kardashian’s baby shower, and it’s used for a lot of items.
CBD applies to cannabidiol. CBD is a compound contained in cannabis, much like THC. However, CBD does not cause feelings of euphoria, or a high, unlike THC.
CBD interacts with the mechanism of endocannabinoids. Its effects are similar to marijuana-related effects. It has been used to treat pain, depression, anxiety, and a host of other disorders.